Most Common Types of Cancer – Kidney Cancer

India as everyone knows is on its way of becoming a hot spot for attaining Medical Treatment. It is matter of only a few years when people from almost all the countries will travel to India to get treatment for various ailments. There are various hospitals in India which provides a widespread list of treatment and surgery options which includes Endocrinology, Skin & Laser Treatment, Obstetrics & Gynecology Dentistry, Infertility Treatment, Geriatrics, Cardiology, Neurosurgery, Gastro-Intestinal Disorder, Urology, Abdominal Surgery, Colorectal Surgery, Total Joint Replacement, Hip and Knee Replacement Surgery, Transplantation, Kidney Stone Surgery and much more.

Kidneys are two bean-shaped organs with various important biological rules. The kidneys are located at the back of the abdomen. The main functions of kidneys are balance of the body fluids by filtering the bloods, production of the hormone erythropoietin, etc. The kidneys have two parts- the outer region namely cortex, inner region namely renal pelvis. Both parts have separate functions. Cancer develops in these two parts of kidney is called kidney cancer. Unlike any cancer, the tumors of the kidney cancer are also divided as benign and malignant cancer. The benign tumors are not life threatening as it has no invasion and spreading power to other parts of the body. But the malignant tumor has invasion power and it spreads to other parts of the body. So when the cells develop abnormally in the cortex and renal pelvis of the kidneys is called kidney cancer.

Types of Kidney Cancer :

The types of kidney cancer are categorized according to the nature of the cancer cells. The types are clinically categorized as :

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Renal cell carcinomas : The most common type of cancer that develops in the cortex layer. It is an aggressive tumor with invasion and spreading power.Transitional Cell Carcinoma : The second common type of kidney cancer and it develops in the renal ‘s Tumor : It is called nephroblastoma and it happens in the children in the age of 2 to 4.

The other types of kidney cancer are :

Chromophilic,Chromophobic,Oncocytic, andCollecting duct cancers

The risk factors of kidney cancer are smoking, those of who having family history of kidney cancer, less-proven risk factors such as-obesity (especially in women), analgesic abuse, high blood pressure, and several uncommon hereditary diseases, including von Hippel-Lindau disease and polycystic kidney disease.

Sign & Symptoms

Blood in the urine (urine slightly rusty to deep red)Pain in the side that does not go awayA lump or mass in the side or the abdomenWeight lossFeverFeeling very tired or having a general feeling of poor health

Most often, these symptoms do not mean cancer. An infection, a cyst, or another problem also can cause similar symptoms. A person with any of these symptoms should see a doctor so that the problem can be diagnosed and treated as early as possible.

Kidney Cancer Treatment in India

The treatment of kidney cancer depends on the stage of the cancer. Understanding the stage helps physicians to administer the type of the treatment. The treatments of kidney cancer are surgical (which is called nephrectomy), radiotherapy, chemotherapy and immunotherapy. There are two types of immunotherapy — antibody therapy and cancer vaccines.

The main treatment is surgery, if the tumor is local. When only a part of the kidney is affected by the tumor the treatment is focused on that part, but if the tumor is too extended or located inside the organ, the entire kidney has to be removed, and sometimes the adrenal gland and closer lymph nodes too. If only one kidney is removed, you can continue to live normally, the remnant healthy kidney will be sufficient to assure the function of filter. If both kidneys are removed, dialysis sessions are done until the receipt of kidney transplant.

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If there are metastases, only surgery is insufficient. Usually, chemotherapy or radiotherapy is used, but kidney cancer is not sensitive to these treatments so they are ineffective in this case. New treatments called anti-angiogenic drugs are used for this cancer. They act by inhibiting the development of blood vessels that “feed” the tumor. If the blood cannot reach the tumor, it cannot grow anymore.

Technology used for Treating Kidney Cancer

Advanced technology has made it possible both to detect kidney cancer earlier and devise the best treatment options. Multiple imaging tools, including intravenous pyelogram (IVP), ultrasound, computerized tomography (CT) scans, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), provide very detailed images of the kidney, uncovering masses and allowing physicians to precisely tailor treatment options and recommendations.

Kidney Cancer surgery can be very painful one if not done properly owning to the delicate nature of the treatment. But getting the Medical Treatment done in India is one way to ensure that your loved ones have to go minimum pain and stress. The hospital staff at We Care India provides best medical or surgical treatment and helps you step by step in all the procedures.

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